Prostate cancer can be a disease that occurs in the male reproductive system. This cancer is incredibly popular as probably the most factors behind death in the usa.
The prostate itself is mainly responsible for manufacture of semen. Anatomically, the prostate gland is situated involving the bladder and rectum, so sometimes in diagnosed the condition we must have finger rectal examination besides PSA blood test.
Early indications of prostate cancer nearly often overlooked, since it is usually without symptoms. This is certainly one answer for that question why this generally found in men aged 50 years along with the most frequently diagnosed from the seventies. Indeed in accordance with age, symptom that was not visible will probably be visible. a typical complaint expressed by people who have the ailment is pain, especially when you urinate, sometimes you will found bleeding in urination, and the inclusion of imp-otence problems.
The diagnosis of prostate cancer is taken through physical examination or using a blood test named PSA. This Prostate Specific Antigen, will be the antigen whether it found in someone`s blood, the doctor will suspect him suffer the cancer. Later the suspicions of prostate specific antigen is going to be confirmed through taking a tissue biopsy.
Appropriate prostate cancer treatment for prostate cancer remains under debate. Treatment options vary, dependant upon the stage. In the early stages works extremely well prostatectomy (removal of prostate) and radiation therapy. If prostate cancer has spread, hormonal manipulation can be accomplished (reduce testosterone levels through the removal of drugs or maybe the testis) or chemotherapy.
1. Radical prostatectomy (removing of the prostate gland).
Often performed on stage cancer A and B. The procedure is long which is usually performed under general anesthesia or spinal. An incision is produced inside the abdomen or perineal area, and the patient needed to undergo hospital cure for 5-1 week. Complications that can happen is that impo-tence and incontinence uri. In patients who definitely are still active s-ex life, can be done Potency-sparing radical prostatectomy.
2. Orkiektomi (removing of the testes, castration).
Appointment of two testes have decreased testosterone levels, but this process causes psychological and physical effects that could not be tolerated with the patients. Orkiektomi is an excellent treatment, fails to require re-treatment, when compared with cheaper drugs and after undergoing orkiektomi patient did not need prostate cancer treatment. Orkiektomi usually done on the cancer who had spread.
Radiation therapy used primarily to deal with cancer of the, B and C. Usually if the chance of surgical treatment is too much, then do radiation therapy. Radiation therapy for the prostate gland can be carried out in several ways:
1. External radiation therapy performed in hospitals without the need to undergo hospitalization. Negative effects such as decreased appetite, fatigue, skin reactions (including redness and irritation), injury or burns to the rectum, diarrhea, cystitis (bladder infection) and hematuria. External radiation treatment therapy is usually done around five times / week for 6-8 weeks.
2. Transplant iodine beads, gold or iridium radioactive directly on prostate tissue via a small incision. The benefit of this form of radiation treatments are that radiation is directed directly to the prostate with tissue damage from the surrounding smaller.
1. Hormonal manipulation
The aim is usually to reduce the level of testosterone. Decrease in testosterone levels tend to be quite effective in preventing the growth and spread of cancer. Hormonal manipulation is mainly used to alleviate symptoms without curing prostate cancer, namely cancer in patients who may have been spreading.
Synthetic drug whose function resembles luteinizing hormone Releasing Hormone (LHRH), the better popular to help remedy advanced prostate cancer. A good example is definitely the lupron or zoladeks.
These drugs suppress the development of stimulating the testes to testosterone (this is called chemical castration as it has the same result with the removal of the testes). Drugs given such as injections, usually every ninety days. One side effects are nausea and vomiting, flushed face, anemia, protatitis and impo-tence.
Other drugs used for hormonal therapy is androgen inhibitor (eg flutamid), which function to stop the attachment of testosterone on prostate cells. The side effects are impot-ence, liver disorders, diarrhea, and gynecomastia (enlarged breasts).
Chemotherapy is frequently employed to treat symptoms of prostate cancer is resistant to hormonal therapy. Usually given one particular drug or mixture of several drugs to destroy cancer cells.
Drugs that can accustomed to treat prostate cancer is:
One side effects vary and depend on the drugs given. You should carefully look at the benefits and adverse reactions of both treatments to obtain the 3d prostate treatment options that suited with you.